Puerto Rico Population and Demographics
In this article, we'll explore the population statistics for Puerto Rico, including popular demographics data like median age, number of households, household income, gender, employment and unemployment rates, occupations, religion, and more.
We are using the latest American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey data from the US Census Bureau, which is accurate up to 2021.
Table of Contents
- Household Income
- Education Levels
- Households and Family Size
- Commuting to Work
There is a lot of data that lets us see how many people live in Puerto Rico. The most basic data is the total population, which is the total number of people living in Puerto Rico. The estimated population of Puerto Rico is 3,311,274 people, with a median age of 43.1.
We can look at the total population in Puerto Rico over the last 5 years to see how much it has changed.
Population of Puerto Rico by Race and Ethnicity
We can also look at how the population has changed over the last 5 years by each of the race/ethnicity types as defined by the US Census Bureau.
|Two Or More Races||
This data can be very important for a number of reasons, including social and economic research, planning and development, and marketing to a multi-cultural population.
Note that the Native group includes both Native American and Alaskan Native people.
Population of Puerto Rico by Age and Gender
The age and gender of a population is another interesting demographic statistic because it lets us track trends in the population over time. For example, we can see how the population has changed over the last 5 years by median age as a total, and also by male and female.
|2021||43.1 +1.65%||41.2 +1.48%||44.8 +1.59%|
|2020||42.4 +1.68%||40.6 +2.01%||44.1 +1.61%|
|2019||41.7 +1.96%||39.8 +2.05%||43.4 +1.88%|
|2018||40.9 +2%||39 +2.36%||42.6 +1.91%|
|2017||40.1 -||38.1 -||41.8 -|
The median age of Puerto Rico gives you an idea of the age distribution, with half of the population being older than the median age and half being younger.
This can then be used to infer and compare against birth rates, parent ages, and more metrics to understand the population. For example, an increasing median age indicates an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population in terms of birth rates and workforce participation.
|0 to 9||188,372 -26.12%||178,156 -24.73%||143,724||137,955|
|10 to 19||237,036 -13.68%||225,830 -13.19%||206,062||197,388|
|20 to 29||236,023 -3.97%||236,937 -5.38%||226,694||224,347|
|30 to 39||203,527 -9.23%||224,797 -9.92%||185,185||203,128|
|40 to 49||211,475 -5.55%||233,509 -5.36%||199,842||221,112|
|50 to 59||207,855 -1.51%||241,617 -2.02%||204,690||236,670|
|60 to 69||186,098 +2.49%||225,873 +0.4%||190,638||226,673|
|70+||183,611 +16.14%||248,247 +16.67%||215,026||292,140|
Median Household Income
The latest median household income of Puerto Rico is $21,967.00.
In simple terms, the median income is the middle income of a group of people. Half of the people in the group make more than the median income, and half make less. The median income is a good indicator of the overall income of a group of people, and can be used to compare against other metrics such as the average income, per capita income, and more.
Median Income by Age
We can also look at the median income by age to see how the median income varies by age, and how it compares to the overall median income for Puerto Rico.
25 to 44$24,445.00
45 to 64$26,052.00
65 and over$18,687.00
Average Household Income
Whenever we ask what is the average household income in Puerto Rico, we are actually talking about the mean household income.
This is calculated by adding up all the incomes of all the households in Puerto Rico, and then dividing that number by the total number of households. This is a good way to get a general idea of the average income of a group of people, but it can be skewed by a very high or very low incomes.
The average household income of Puerto Rico is currently $34,931.00.
In terms of accurately summarizing income at a geographic level, the median income is a better metric than the average income because it isn't affected by a small number of very high or very low incomes.
If you had an area where the average income was greater than the median, it can mean that there is significant income inequality, with income being concentrated in a small number of wealthy households.
1.13% of households in Puerto Rico are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).
Household Income Tiers
The US Census Bureau divides households into income tiers based on the median income for the area. This is a good way to compare the income of Puerto Rico against other areas.
Less than $24,99954.71%
$25,000 to $49,99924.69%
$50,000 to $74,99910.67%
$75,000 to $99,9994.60%
$100,000 to $149,9993.23%
$150,000 to $199,9990.97%
$200,000 or more1.13%
Per Capita Income
The per capita income in Puerto Rico is $14,047.00.
Per capita income is the average income of a person in a given area. It is calculated by dividing the total income of Puerto Rico by the total population of Puerto Rico.
This is different from the average or mean income because it includes and accounts for all people in Puerto Rico, including people like children, the elderly, unemployed people, retired people, and more.
We can also look at the education levels in Puerto Rico to see how many people have a high school degree, a bachelor's degree, or a graduate degree.
Educational attainment is a good indicator of the overall education level of a population, and can be used to compare against other metrics such as the average income, per capita income, and more to see how education levels affect income, unemployment rates, and more.
Master's degree or higher10.20%
Some college or associate's degree2.65%
High school diploma or equivalent48.65%
Less than high school diploma1.53%
Employment rates are all based around the total population in Puerto Rico that are over the age of 16.
The total population of Puerto Rico over the age of 16 is 2,797,936.
Of those people, a total of 44.30% are working or actively looking for work. This is called the labor force participation rate.
The participation rate is a useful market measure because it shows the relative amount of labor resources available to the economy.
The employment to total population rate in Puerto Rico is 37.70%.
Employment by Age
We can look at the employment rates by age to see how it compares to the overall employment rate.
|16 to 19 years||171,791||14.00%||47.00%|
|20 to 24 years||227,033||51.90%||30.60%|
|25 to 29 years||224,008||71.80%||19.10%|
|30 to 34 years||195,204||74.20%||14.30%|
|35 to 44 years||403,558||74.10%||12.20%|
|45 to 54 years||430,651||63.90%||10.10%|
|55 to 59 years||221,214||47.00%||9.80%|
|60 to 64 years||220,552||29.10%||7.40%|
|65 to 74 years||378,237||10.60%||5.60%|
|75 years and over||325,688||2.70%||3.80%|
Employment by Race
Another very interesting employment statistic we can look at is the employment and unemployment rates by race in Puerto Rico. The table below shows the rates for each of the ethnicity groups types defined by the US Census Bureau.
|Black or African American||282,743||45.90%||15.50%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||4,713||44.00%||19.30%|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander||197||52.30%||42.70%|
|Two or more races||479,951||44.30%||12.90%|
|Hispanic or Latino||2,763,641||44.20%||14.60%|
|Not Hispanic or Latino||23,664||49.30%||10.80%|
In this section we can look at the most common occupations in Puerto Rico as well as the gender breakdown and earnings of them.
The total population of civilian employees that are 16 years old or older in Puerto Rico is 1,055,843, with median earnings of $19,071.00.
Women in Puerto Rico earning approximately 100.10% of the men's earnings.
Occupations by Category
In the table below, we can break down the population and earnings even further by occupation. The list of occupation categories below will show you how many people are employed in each category and the median earnings of each profession.
|Business and Financial||52,922||$33,106.00|
|Computer and Mathematical||13,242||$38,206.00|
|Architecture and Engineering||14,851||$45,087.00|
|Life, Physical, and Social Science||8,370||$38,092.00|
|Community and Social Service||16,245||$25,054.00|
|Educational and Library||70,842||$24,583.00|
|Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media||12,160||$21,600.00|
|Firefighters and Protective Service||32,668||$15,869.00|
|Food Preparation and Serving||59,724||$10,928.00|
|Building and Grounds Cleaning||57,463||$12,289.00|
|Personal Care and Service||24,305||$12,305.00|
|Office and Administrative Support||148,906||$19,530.00|
|Farming, Fishing, and Forestry||8,600||$9,557.00|
|Construction and Extraction||49,794||$15,186.00|
|Installation, Maintenance, and Repair||38,667||$18,920.00|
|Transportation and Material Moving||31,195||$16,404.00|
Occupations by Gender
The table below shows the same occupations from the list above, but we have split them by male and female to see how many male and females work in each occupation, the median earnings, and the male to female ratio of earnings.
That last metric is important because it can be used to look at the gender pay gap between men and women.
|Business and Financial||21,586||$36,482.00||31,336||$30,933.00|
|Computer and Mathematical||9,439||$41,064.00||3,803||$33,286.00|
|Architecture and Engineering||11,708||$46,432.00||3,143||$42,943.00|
|Life, Physical, and Social Science||2,791||$39,100.00||5,579||$37,417.00|
|Community and Social Service||5,038||$22,917.00||11,207||$25,463.00|
|Educational and Library||16,359||$28,541.00||54,483||$23,991.00|
|Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media||7,911||$21,376.00||4,249||$22,421.00|
|Firefighters and Protective Service||25,158||$16,141.00||7,510||$14,902.00|
|Food Preparation and Serving||29,528||$11,500.00||30,196||$10,378.00|
|Building and Grounds Cleaning||37,602||$13,709.00||19,861||$9,414.00|
|Personal Care and Service||11,329||$14,100.00||12,976||$10,947.00|
|Office and Administrative Support||42,900||$20,785.00||106,006||$19,165.00|
|Farming, Fishing, and Forestry||6,840||$10,035.00||1,760||$5,810.00|
|Construction and Extraction||48,423||$15,184.00||1,371||$15,232.00|
|Installation, Maintenance, and Repair||37,852||$18,833.00||815||$22,724.00|
|Transportation and Material Moving||28,248||$16,497.00||2,947||$15,196.00|
Households and Family Size
A household defined bu the US Census Bureau is a group of people who occupy a housing unit. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, group of rooms, or single room occupied as separate living quarters.
There are currently 1,196,790 households in Puerto Rico, with an average household size of 2.74 people.
A family is defined as a group of two or more people related by birth, marriage, or adoption who live together in the same household.
There are 789,758 families in Puerto Rico with an average family size of 3.44 people.
Households by Marital Status
The four categories of household by marital status are:
- Married-couple family
- Male householder with no spouse present
- Female household with no spouse present
- Nonfamily household
The table below shows the total number of households and families, with the average sizes of each.
|Average Household Size||3.37||3.95||3.72||1.17|
|Average Household Size||3.35||3.49||3.56||0|
Of the 789,758 families in Puerto Rico, 39.20% are considered to be below the poverty threshold.
The table below shows the latest poverty thresholds in Puerto Rico:
|Household Size||Poverty Threshold|
There are 1,553,791 housing units in Puerto Rico.
The table below shows the split between occupied and vacant units:
15.05% of the total 1,553,791 housing units in Puerto Rico are rental units. This is approximately 233,901 properties.
For owner-occupied housing units, a total of 814,154 are occupied by the owner - or 52.40% of the total.
The median rent for a property in Puerto Rico is $505.00.
In the chart below, we can look at the number of rental properties in Puerto Rico that fall into a particular rent range. These can then be used to compare with other areas, or to see how they have changed over time.
No rent paid148,735
Less than $500115,224
$500 to $99998,514
$1,000 to $1,49914,836
$1,500 to $1,9993,075
$2,000 to $2,4991,095
$2,500 to $2,999469
$3,000 or more688
The median value of a property in Puerto Rico is $111,800.00.
Just like with rental rates, we can look at the number of properties in Puerto Rico that fall into a particular value range.
Less than $50,00068,977
$50,000 to $99,999271,601
$100,000 to $149,999239,976
$150,000 to $199,999123,411
$200,000 to $299,99969,795
$300,000 to $499,99927,089
$500,000 to $999,9999,424
$1,000,000 or more3,881
We can also look at the age of properties in Puerto Rico. The chart below shows the number of properties in Puerto Rico that fall into a particular age range.
1939 or earlier30,210
1940 to 194954,393
1950 to 1959135,188
1960 to 1969272,090
1970 to 1979354,943
1980 to 1989259,425
1990 to 1999235,211
2000 to 2009189,019
2010 to 201323,070
2014 or later242
Vehicles per Household
The number of vehicles available per household can be a good indicator of the level of affluence in an area. The chart below shows the number of households in Puerto Rico that have a particular number of vehicles available.
No vehicles available175,572
1 vehicle available498,325
2 vehicles available358,079
3 or more vehicles available164,814
Commuting to Work
In this section, we can also look at how people in Puerto Rico get to work. The chart below shows the number of people in Puerto Rico that commute to work in a particular way.
28.6 minutes is the average travel time to work for people in Puerto Rico.
These commute times can be compared to other date like income and educational levels to see how they relate to each other and if there are any trends in the data that might suggest a correlation.
Less than 5 minutes19,870
5 to 9 minutes63,019
10 to 14 minutes117,902
15 to 19 minutes150,252
20 to 24 minutes151,070
25 to 29 minutes53,630
30 to 34 minutes157,743
35 to 39 minutes25,527
40 to 44 minutes49,276
45 to 59 minutes79,867
60 to 89 minutes84,329
90 or more minutes32,743
We've covered a LOT of demographic and population data for Puerto Rico in this article! Hopefully you have found it very useful in your research of the area.
If you use any of the data found on this page, please consider linking back to USPopulation.org as the source and if you have any feedback or data requests, click here to contact us.
Zip Codes in Puerto Rico
If you want to find out more about the population and demographics of specific zip codes in Puerto Rico, click on the links below.